Genshin Impact Wiki
Genshin Impact Wiki

Swirl is the Elemental Reaction triggered by inflicting Anemo on a target that is already affected by Pyro, Electro, Hydro, or Cryo. Swirl can also be triggered in the other direction by inflicting Pyro, Electro, Hydro, or Cryo to a target that is already affected by Anemo, but aside from enemies that apply long-lasting Anemo to themselves, Anemo applications do not linger, so Anemo is the only element that can trigger Swirl most of the time. This reaction deals elemental DMG of the non-Anemo element involved.

Unlike other elemental reactions, Swirl can spread elements (specifically, the non-Anemo element involved in the reaction) to nearby targets, usually in the direction of the Swirl reaction.

Swirl damage should not be confused with the non-Anemo damage that comes from Elemental Absorption. Swirl damage is fixed damage based only on character level and elemental mastery, while additional elemental damage from Elemental Absorption is regular damage and is thus affected by the stats that normally affect damage, including attack, critical hit rate and damage, elemental damage bonuses, and the level of the talent with the potential for Elemental Absorption.


Every time Anemo interacts with an enemy or object affected by Pyro, Electro, Hydro or Cryo, a Swirl reaction can occur.

The Swirl reaction causes an Area of Effect reaction that spreads the Swirled element to any foe or object in range. Pyro, Electro, and Cryo Swirl will also deal AoE DMG of the involved element, but Hydro Swirl only spreads the Wet status and deals DMG to the target that the reaction was triggered upon.[1]

Generally the Swirled element will be strongly applied (see Gauge Unit Theory). There is a limit (per character) of two instances of Swirl damage per 0.5 seconds.[2] (Similar behavior is also seen with the Superconduct Area of Effect damage on groups of enemies.)

  • On enemies affected by Electro-Charged (dual Aura of Hydro and Electro) both Electro and Hydro can be Swirled.
  • Frozen can be spread to affected enemies with Swirl
  • Triggering other elemental reactions and spreading them via Swirl usually results in the loss of one or both of the elements (e.g. Overloaded, Melt)

On a Swirl, the spread of the Swirled element can cause secondary reactions. Damage from these are based on the Elemental Mastery and level of the Anemo character. So in the end, Anemo characters can eventually indirectly cause reactions of any kind. For example:

  • Monster 1 has Hydro state.
  • Monster 2 has Electro state.
  • Applying Anemo to Monster 2 will cause a Swirl, spreading the previous Electro state to everyone in range.
  • Monster 1, previously wet, will receive Electro state from Swirl and this will cause an Electro-Charged reaction.


Swirl damage is affected by the level and Elemental Mastery of the character causing the reaction and enemy resistance. It ignores the target's defense stat and cannot deal Critical Hits.[3]

Character Level 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Base Swirl Damage 10 20 48 82 124 194 294 460 648 868

The elemental mastery bonus and any enemy resistances are applied multiplicatively with the base damage.

Swirl-Induced Reactions

Level 70 Sucrose, 423 EM

990 Swirl DMG and 3257 Melt DMG

Since Swirl depends on the triggering element, Transformative and Amplifying Reactions are possible on enemy units with compatible elements. For example: Swirling an enemy unit afflicted with Pyro which is nearby another enemy unit that is afflicted Cryo will cause a Melt Reaction.

The Swirl damage and Melt damage received by each unit is dependent on each other's resistances. The Swirled enemy unit will receive damage based on its resistance while the Melted enemy unit will receive damage based on the Swirl damage before resistance of the Swirled enemy unit then applying its own resistance and additional reaction multipliers.

For the full formula, see the main article, Damage.


Tutorial Elemental Trial Swirl 1.png

When Anemo comes into contact with Hydro/Pyro/Cryo/Electro, the Swirl reaction will be triggered. This reaction will cause the element in contact with Anemo to affect a larger area, and can even trigger other reactions...

Tutorial Elemental Trial Swirl 2.png
Tutorial Elemental Trial Swirl 3.png

Use Hydro, Pyro, Cryo and Electro attacks in battle to infuse opponents with the elements. Switch to an Anemo character and use Anemo attacks to trigger the Swirl reaction to affect opponents with the elements more effectively!


These artifact sets increase the damage from Swirl reactions.

1 Artifact Sets match the category selection:

Set Rarity Pieces Bonuses
Viridescent Venerer 4-5★ In Remembrance of Viridescent FieldsViridescent Arrow FeatherViridescent Venerer's DeterminationViridescent Venerer's VesselViridescent Venerer's Diadem 2 Piece: Anemo DMG Bonus +15%
4 Piece: Increases Swirl DMG by 60%. Decreases opponent's Elemental RES to the element infused in the Swirl by 40% for 10s.


Other Languages

Language Official Name Literal Meaning
English Swirl
Japanese 拡散
Korean 확산
Spanish Torbellino
French DispersionDispersion
Russian Рассеивание
Thai กระจาย
Vietnamese Khuếch tán
German VerwirbelungTurbulence
Indonesian Swirl
Portuguese Redemoinho

Change History

Released in Version 1.0
Version 1.6
  • Increased the damage from Elemental Mastery for Swirl (and other transformative reactions)
  • Increased the base damage for Swirl above Level 60
    • For reference the old data was:
Character Level 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Base Swirl Damage 10 20 48 82 124 194 294 432 568 722

Version 1.0

  • Swirl was released.


  1. How to use Swirl, 2min40sec. Terraflop
  2. How to use Swirl, 3min50sec. Terraflop
  3. KeqingMains Theorycrafting Library Transformative Reactions