As a whole, the army primarily maintains peace and order throughout Inazuma. Members of the army are split up to help serve the Tri-Commission — the Kanjou Commission, the Tenryou Commission and the Yashiro Commission. Those of the Tenryou Commission are the predominant fighting force of the military, whereas the Kanjou Commission focuses on border security and the Yashiro Commission's role in the army focuses on protecting shrines, festivals, and public events. There are also those who directly serve under the Shogun, rather than any commission, such as the Hatamoto and the Okuzumeshuu.
There is also an ongoing military draft. A post on the Commercial Street Bulletin Board in Inazuma City from the Tenryou Commission orders all families who've received a draft order to send at least one adult to join the military.
- Ashigaru (Japanese: 足軽 "foot soldiers") In Japan, the Ashigaru were foot soldiers who served as the infantry of army. Although low-ranked, they made up the majority of the fighting force since they were in the many and were highly trained in the use of spears. In Genshin Impact, if you attempt to leave Ritou before completing Chisato's Letter, the Ashigaru of the Kanjou Commission will stop you.
- Doushin (Japanese: 同心 "patrol officer") In Japan, the Doushin were low-level soldiers who conducted general affairs and police work. There was a hierarchy within the Doushin; low-level Doushin were given duties such as prison patrol, whereas higher ranking Doushin conducted justice, investigation, and administration for the city. The term was also sometimes used to refer to low-ranking Samurai. In Genshin Impact, many Doushin can be seen patrolling Inazuma City.
- Yoriki (Japanese: 与力) In Japan, the Yoriki were middle-ranked Samurai. In military operations, they commanded the ashigaru and obeyed the orders of a hatamoto or daimyo. Among the different types of yoriki were the machikata yoriki under the machi-bugyo (town magistrate), who were in charge of police and commanded the doushin. In Genshin Impact, the Yoriki can be found patrolling Inazuma City and also on the battlefield at the Kujou Encampment.
- Hatamoto (Japanese: 旗本 "Guardian of the banner") In Japan, the Hatamoto were high-ranking Samurai in direct service to the Shogun. The gokenin (Japanese: 御家人) was a rank below the Hatamoto, which was very similar to the Hatamoto rank but they did not have the right to seek audience with the Shogun, unlike the ome-mie ijō Hatamoto who had this right. In Genshin Impact, there are two known Hatamotos who are both stationed at Inazuma City guarding Tenshukaku.
- Okuzumeshuu (Japanese: 奥詰衆) The Okuzumeshuu are the bodyguards of the Almighty Shogun, they only take orders directly from the Raiden Shogun. In Japan, the Okuzumeshuu was a position established near the end of the Tokugawa shogunate to serve as the Shogun's guard. It was a position highly trusted by the Shogun and members of the Okuzumeshuu were typically selected from mid-level Hatamoto, but also occasionally from high-rank Hatamoto or low-rank Daimyos.
- General (Japanese: 大将 "Taishō") The only known general is Kujou Sara. Kujou Masahito is also likely to be a general since he commands the troops at the Kujou Encampment. In the Tokugawa shogunate, there were different kinds of generals, such as the Ashigaru Taishō (Japanese: 足軽大将) (who commanded foot soldiers, ranked below Samurai Daishou), the Samurai Daishou (Japanese: 侍大将) (commanded an army, ranked above Ashigaru Taishō and below Sodaisho), or the Sodaisho (Japanese: 総大将 "General of generals") (the highest-ranking general in an army, ranked above Samurai Daishou). However, Genshin Impact does not specify what kind of general Kujou Sara is.
- Daimyo (Japanese: 大名 "Feudal Lord") In Japan, the Daimyo were noble lords or famous warriors who controlled a lot of territory and subordinates. The Daimyo served directly under the Shogun. This term is not currently used in Genshin Impact, except in the fictional novel A Legend of Sword by Xingqiu. The Daimyo in Inazuma's case would be Kujou Takayuki, Hiiragi Shinsuke and Kamisato Ayato.
- Unspecified Ranks
- Shogunate Officer (Japanese: 幕府の軍官) A generic term for an officer of any rank in the Inazuma Bakufu. There are high-rank officers such as Kujou Masahito, and lower-rank officers such as Toranosuke.
- Shogunate Samurai (Japanese: 幕府の兵士 "Shogunate Soldiers") A generic term for a soldier of the Inazuma Bakufu. The in-game Japanese text directly translates to "Shogunate Soldiers" rather than "Shogunate Samurai."
Direct Shogunal Forces
Personnel that serve the shogunate directly rather than as part of one of the three commissions.
- Kujou Sara — General
- Okawara Goemon — Chief Samurai & Kujou Clan Security Head
- Kujou Masahito — Shogunate Officer (probably a General)
- Toranosuke — Shogunate Officer
- Shikanoin Heizou — Tenryou "Detective"
- Yasutake — Quartermaster
- Ishikawa — Shogunate Samurai
- Matsudaira — Shogunate Samurai
- Ogura Yuu — Shogunate Samurai
- Ono — Shogunate Samurai
- Takasaka Izumi — Yoriki
- Iwakura Kouzou — Yoriki
- Mikoshi Genjirou — Yoriki
- Owada — Yoriki
- Yata Kouki — Yoriki
- Andou — Doushin
- Amano — Doushin
- Asakura — Doushin
- Inoue — Doushin
- Sanada — Doushin
- Uesugi — Doushin
- Watanabe — Doushin
- Imatani Keisuke — ?
- Katsuie — Chief Samurai, Kanjou Commission
- Ebina Gonshirou — Kanjou Commission Squad Leader
- Sasaki — Kanjou Commission Squad Leader
- Chiba — Kanjou Commission Officer
- Kenzaburou — Kanjou Commission Officer
- Kobayashi — Kanjou Commission Officer
- Nakano — Kanjou Commission Officer
- Shinnojou — Kanjou Commission Officer
- Yokoyama — Kanjou Commission Officer
- Kanjou Commission Ashigaru — Kanjou Commission Ashigaru
- Keijirou — Kanjou Commission Ashigaru
Some Shogunate forces can be encountered in Archon Quests as enemies. Despite appearing as enemies, they cannot be found in the "Living Beings / Enemies and Monsters" section of the Archive, likely due to the fact that there is no way to fight them outside of specific Archon Quests. The Shogunate Samurai are usually encoutered only in Quests. Most of the Shogunate Samurai behave similarly to the Millelith.
- Fujita Sanshirou — Shogunate Infantry
- Kayama Tadao — Shogunate Infantry Captain
- Takasaka Izumi — Yoriki Samurai