The adepti (singular adeptus) (Chinese: 仙 Xiān) are a group in Liyue that consists of both illuminated beasts and gods. Most of them are bound by a contract to protect Liyue from demons and evil gods and are led by the Prime of Adepti, Rex Lapis himself.
What exactly is defined by the term "adepti" is ambiguous, and is further obfuscated by the English localization's translation of several related but distinct terms interchangeably: 仙 xiān, 仙人 xiānrén, 仙兽 xiānshòu, 仙众 xiānzhòng, and 仙家 xiānjiā are all translated as "adepti" or "illuminated beast." While the original Chinese text also does not clearly delineate the terms, there is some more specificity in how they are used.
仙 xiān, "illuminated immortal," refers to the concept of Daoist xian, who are people or entities with either extreme longevity or immortality, typically as a result of spiritual enlightenment. The word can take on a variety of meanings depending on the context, but in the context of the adepti, it typically refers to beings who have reached enlightenment and spiritual immortality. In-game, within the context of Liyue, this term is used to broadly refer to all types of adepti.
仙人 xiānrén, "illuminated immortal person," comprises the characters 仙 "illuminated immortal" + 人 "person, people, mortal(s)". In-game, this term is typically used for all xian who follow Morax, whether they take beastlike or humanlike forms. It is an abbreviation of "the Mighty and Illuminated Adepti" (Chinese: 三眼五显仙人 "Three Eyes, Five Manifestations Illuminated Immortal [Person]"). The term does not specify singular or plural and can be used to refer to an individual adeptus or multiple adepti, although plural forms of the term exist as well (see xiānzhòng).
仙兽 xiānshòu, "illuminated immortal beast," refers to animals and beasts who have or are capable of reaching enlightenment, such as the qilin. Those who are illuminated beasts and follow Morax can be referred to as both xianren and xianshou.
In the original Chinese text, humans with illuminated beast blood in their veins typically refer to their xianshou lineage, and not a xianren lineage. There are a few exceptions; for example, when Ganyu talks about adeptus blood in Solitary Fragrance, she uses xianren instead of xianshou. Her character stories always use xianshou, though the English version inconsistently translates it as both "adeptus" and "illuminated beast."
仙众 xiānzhòng, "illuminated immortal group," generally refers to a subset of adepti, or to the adepti as a collective.
仙家 xiānjiā, "illuminated immortal clan," is used in terms that pertain to the adepti collectively, such as adeptal techniques or possessions. For example, "adeptal energy" is 仙家气运 xiānjiā qìyùn, "aura of the illuminated immortal clan," and the Chinese description for Eye of Perception says that the weapon belonged to the xianjia, rather than to a specific xianren. It can also be used as an honorific form of xianren.
Most adepti are illuminated beasts — beings beyond the ken of normal mortals and are often worshipped like deities by the people of Liyue — or have illuminated beast blood in their veins. Some gods have also been referred to as adepti: Morax is known as the Prime of Adepti (Chinese: 众仙之祖 "ancestor of the adepti,") while Marchosius was also considered one.
Very little is known about the origins of adepti and illuminated beasts. Morax is presumably the progenitor of the adepti in some shape or form, having personally given his "blessings" to grant several adepti their illumination, including Madame Ping. Some believe that they descended from Celestia and return there once they die. According to legend, humans could ascend to Celestia and join the ranks of the adepti, and those who sought the path of the adepti had to pass the "trials of heaven and earth." The trial of "earth" was taken inside of the Taishan Mansion, while the location for the trial of "heavens" is unknown.
Because humans have a "higher purpose" than adepti in the world of Teyvat, only those of non-human status can be referred to as adepti. While legends exist of humans joining the ranks of the adepti, and humans are capable of learning adepti arts, they are not considered adepti. However, half-blooded humans can qualify as adepti.
The adepti have a large range in terms of appearance, but most of them take on their true, illuminated beast forms when appearing before mortals. Full-blooded adepti are capable of shapeshifting into a human form, and some — such as Madame Ping and Xiao — prefer such a form.[Note 1] Others, like Moon Carver, take pride in their beast forms and refuse to use human disguises.
So far, known half-blooded humans take on a humanoid appearance with a few distinguishing traits from their illuminated beast blood. It has not been suggested that they have the ability to shapeshift or otherwise take on a more beastlike form.
One aspect of adeptal culture is the use of sacred names, also known as adeptus names. In the Chinese version, most sacred names contain four characters that serve as a name, followed by the honorific title 真君 "perfected lord". The English translation typically renders the first two characters and leaves out the honorific title. For example, 削月築阳真君 "The Perfected Lord who Carves the Moon and Builds the Sun" is rendered as Moon Carver, translating only the 削月 part of the title.[Note 2]
There are sacred names that use different naming schemes, typically used by those with a special place among the adepti. The Chinese version of "Rex Lapis" is 岩王帝君 Yánwáng Dìjūn, "The Sovereign Lord Rock King", which uses the higher-ranking honorific 帝君 "sovereign lord" compared to most adepti's 真君 "perfected lord". In a similar vein, the Chinese version of Xiao's title, Conqueror of Demons, is 降魔大圣 "Great Sage who Subdues Demons", which forgoes the "lord" honorific system entirely. In both cases, their sacred names (excluding the honorific) are also only two characters long instead of the conventional four.
While sacred names are associated with the adepti, they have been applied to non-adepti as well. The adepti-created teapot spirits like Tubby and Chubby have sacred names despite not being considered adepti. Qiqi is heavily suggested to bear the sacred name Fortune Preserver (Chinese: 救苦度厄真君) following her resurrection at the hands of the adepti, even though Shenhe, who was personally trained by multiple adepti, explicitly lacks a sacred name since she is human. There is also nothing stopping from ordinary humans from giving themselves sacred names to pose as adepti, as seen with Archaic Lord of Lightning and Blitz (Chinese: 霹雳闪雷真君) and Starsnatcher (Chinese: 掇星攫辰天君).
On top of that, not all adepti use sacred names, as seen with Madame Ping and Ganyu. It is unclear if they have sacred names but use ordinary names to blend in with humans, or if they never had one to begin with. While Xiao has a sacred name, it is typically used by other adepti or by humans knowledgeable about the adepti; when Xiao gives his name to the Traveler, he tells them to call him "Adeptus Xiao."
Powers and Abilities
All adepti possess the ability to manipulate elemental energy, which mortals equate to having a Vision; this led to the "three-eyed" part of the adepti's full Chinese title. It is unclear whether the adepti's ability to manipulate elemental energy follows the same rules as humans'. For example, beastlike adepti do not have Visions located externally on their bodies, leading humans to conclude that they possess "inner eyes" located within their bodies and are not visible on their bodies. Xiao wears a Vision because he appears in a humanlike form and thus follows human convention. and whether his Vision is the same as a human's has been left ambiguous.
Adepti possess adeptal energy (Chinese: 仙家气运 xiānjiā qìyùn) that has a unique effect based on the individual. When the Traveler was infused with three adepti's energies, Madame Ping's created intermittent shockwaves upon attacking, Ganyu's granted passive healing, and Xiao's increased movement speed. It is unclear whether adeptal energy is linked to their "third eye," or if it is an independent power.
For normal humans, prolonged interaction with adepti will become dangerous, as their souls are not as robust and adeptal energy will overwhelm them with enough time. When a dying Qiqi was infused with several adepti's energies, it was powerful enough to prevent her from fully dying — but because it was too much for a mortal to bear, sent her on a rampage that was only stopped by trapping her in amber for hundreds of years. Even after hundreds of years, she is still capable of manipulating that adeptal energy as a zombie.
According to Liyue beliefs, adepti formed the landscape; for example, rivers are adepti saliva, while grass is adepti hair. Mountain Shaper denies those claims as "nonsense," and explains that the amber found on Mt. Hulao is in fact created by a plant called the karst crawler. However, he is capable of controlling the plant to a certain degree and has to make sure the plant will not trap innocent beings before he leaves the area.
Adepti are capable of creating domains — known as abodes — through Sub-Space Creation for their personal use, even granting them different forms such as teapots. This ability was granted by Rex Lapis and is part of the "illumination" in "Mighty and Illuminated Adepti".
There are several esoteric techniques used by the adepti. One of them is the "gifting of dreams and visions," used by Zhongli to inform the other adepti and the Liyue Qixing that Morax had not actually died, but had chosen to retire from his role. Another is Dream Trawler, which is primarily used to separate the soul from the body for self-cultivation but can also be used to summon another's spirit; Xiao and the Traveler use it to summon Starsnatcher's spirit. Pervases uses Mortal Lingering to temporarily regain a physical vessel.
Before and During the Archon War
It is unclear how long the adepti have existed as a formally recognized group, but they were said to have fought for Guizhong and Morax during the Archon War to defend the Guili Assembly, and Cloud Retainer was friends with them before the fall of the Guili Assembly.
After the destruction of the Guili Assembly, Morax led his adepti and his people south of Mt. Tianheng, where he established Liyue Harbor. There, the adepti signed a contract with him to protect Liyue. At some point during the war, Morax gathered the yakshas, particularly belligerent illuminated beasts, to assist him in the task of subduing the remnants of other gods defeated during the war.
During a battle between adepti and demons, Qiqi trespassed the realm of adepti by mistake while picking herbs and was mortally wounded in the crossfire. The adepti came together to resurrect her as a zombie by imbuing her with their powers.
Since the end of the Archon War two thousand years ago, with their immense strength no longer needed to fight the gods that opposed Morax, most adepti have gone into seclusion in Jueyun Karst, cut off from the rest of the world and watching over Liyue from afar. This land is considered sacred and mortals are not to set foot in it — those that do enter are considered either brave or desperate. Allegedly, only mortals with a Sigil of Permission in their possession are granted access to enter without offending the adepti. However, several NPCs can be found in the adepti's lands without having come to any harm, though they have not been granted audience with the adepti in return.
According to legend, some adepti decided that they did not want to wait around for their lives to come to a natural end and asked Morax to transform them into stone statues. It is said that these stone statues are capable of moving around even in this state.
Some adepti stayed in Liyue Harbor to assist the Liyue Qixing in managing the nation's affairs. However, by the events of Chapter I, they have long been excluded from Liyue's politics with the exception of Ganyu, who serves as a general secretary.
Although it has become simplified over time and is beginning to fade into obscurity, it is a Liyue tradition to mark the passing of every adeptus with a memorial service called the Rite of Parting. This service is handled by the Wangsheng Funeral Parlor, though they have only had to host this service a handful of times throughout the past three thousand years.
Adepti that have been mentioned over the course of the game:
|岩王帝君 Yánwáng Dìjūn, "The Sovereign Lord Rock King"||Alive|
|The Mighty and Illuminated Adepti (Chinese: 三眼五显仙人)|
|Cloud Retainer||留云借风真君 Liúyún Jièfēng Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord who Retains the Clouds by Borrowing the Wind"||Alive|
|Moon Carver||削月筑阳真君 Xuēyuè Zhùyáng Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord who Carves the Moon and Builds the Sun"||Alive|
|Mountain Shaper||理水叠山真君 Lǐshuǐ Diéshān Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord who Guides the Waters and Shapes the Mountains"||Alive|
|Skybracer||移霄导天真君 Yíxiāo Dǎotiān Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord who Moves the Heavens by Guiding the Sky"||Deceased|
|Ganyu||甘雨 Gānyǔ, "Sweet Rain"||Alive|
(Streetward Rambler)[Note 3]
|萍姥姥 Píng Lǎolao, "Grandma Ping"
歌尘浪市真君 Gēchén Làngshì Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord Who Sings Songs about the Mortal World and Roams Among the People"
Stove God: 灶神 Zàoshén, "Stove God"
God of the Stove: 炉灶之魔神 Lúzào zhī Móshén, "Demon God of the Stove"
|Revived as "Guoba"|
|Sea Gazer||鸣海栖霞真君 Mínghǎi Qīxiá Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord Who Resounds in Sea and Lives in Rosy Clouds"||Deceased|
The Guardian Yakshas were elite adepti summoned by the Geo Archon, Rex Lapis, to fight the demons that spawned from the remains of defeated gods after the Archon War. There were many Yakshas; however, five of them were recognized as the strongest: Bosacius, Indarias, Bonanus, Menogias, and Alatus.
Yakshas, though strong, were not all able to handle the darkness they faced. It's said that "some were given unto their rage, others unto a madness which fear mongered. Many turned to the slaughter of their own, others were bewitched by shadows of the soul." In the end, all but Alatus either perished or disappeared by the time of the game's start.
|Icon||Name||Chinese Name[Note 4]||Element||Titles||Status|
(Chinese: 仙众夜叉 "The Yakshas of the Adepti")
|Alatus (Xiao)||金鹏 Jīnpéng, "Golden Peng"||
Conqueror of Demons
General Alatus (Chinese: 金鹏大将 "General Golden Peng")
|Marshal Vritras (Chinese: 腾蛇太元帅 "Marshal Téngshé", lit. "Marshal Soaring Snake")||Deceased|
|Indarias[Note 5]||应达 Yìngdá||
|General Musatas (Chinese: 火鼠大将 "General Fire Rat")||Deceased|
|Bonanus[Note 6]||伐难 Fánàn||
|General Chizapus (Chinese: 螺卷大将 lit. "General Curled Snail")||Deceased|
|Menogias[Note 7]||弥怒 Mínù||
|General Kapisas (Chinese: 心猿大将 "General Xīnyuán", lit. "General Mind-Monkey")||Deceased|
|Pervases||铜雀 Tóngquè, "Copper Bird"||Unknown||Deceased|
The following characters are not formally considered adepti, but have some kind of connection to them.
|七七 Qīqī, "Seven-Seven"
(救苦度厄真君 Jiùkǔ Dù'è Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord who Aids the Anguished by Averting Misfortune")
|Was imbued with several adepti's energy to save her life and was bestowed with a sacred name, but otherwise has little connection to them in the present.||Undead|
|Shenhe||申鹤 Shēnhè||Although a human and thus not a proper adeptus, her tutelage under Cloud Retainer has granted her "a unique constitution, an immensely strong will, and a great talent for adepti arts, all of which have won her the acknowledgment of the adepti."||Alive|
|Yanfei||烟绯 Yānfēi, "Smoky Scarlet"||Her father is an illuminated beast and an adeptus. While Yanfei does not have a contract with Morax, her work on Liyue's behalf make her considered something of an honorary adeptus.||Alive|
|Kamuna Harunosuke||惟神晴之介||After failing to save the Kitsune Saiguu during the cataclysm with his Tengu magic, Harunosuke left for Liyue to learn the "more powerful way of the adepti."
Combining Adepti and Tengu magic eventually allowed him to develop "Onmyoudou," "Shiki Taishou," and the Paper Seals Kairagi use to ignite their swords.
|Teapot Spirits (Chinese: 壶灵)|
|阿圆 Ā Yuán
(销虹霁雨真君 Xiāohóng Jìyǔ Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord who Erases the Rainbows and Dissipates the Rain")
|阿嘟 Ā Dū
(寻瑰纳琦真君 Xúnguī Nàqí Zhēnjūn, "The Perfected Lord who Seeks Gems and Receives Jade")
- The concept for the adepti came from the Chinese novel Journey to the West, in which it is stated that "All beings in the upper worlds that have nine apertures can become Immortals." This statement is used to justify treating the main character, the monkey Sun Wukong, equal to a human in his ability to cultivate the way of immortality, and is tied to the reason why most of the adepti have animal-like forms.
- It is currently unclear whether Guizhong was an adeptus or not. During the Archon Quest "Guizhong," Zhongli says the adepti built the Guizhong Ballista,[Note 8] with Cloud Retainer among its creators, while Stone Tablet Compilations: Vol. I attributes the Ballista's construction to Guizhong. This suggests she may have been both an adeptus and a god like Morax and Marchosius, her fellow gods in the Guili Assembly.
- The weapon Eye of Perception is said to be of adepti origin, which was passed onto the Yun Family who proceeded to create the Prototype weapons.
- The Chinese name for seelie, 仙灵 xiānlíng, "fairy spirit", uses the same 仙 xiān in their name for adepti. However, it likely uses the "fairy" definition for the term rather than the "illuminated immortal" definition, and there has currently been no direct connection made between seelie and adepti.
- When Yae Miko calls herself a "fox envoy" in The Omnipresent God, she calls herself a 狐仙 "fox xian" in the original Chinese text, which is interesting considering other instances of "fox envoy" in the English text correspond with the Chinese term 狐狸神使 "fox god envoy" instead. 狐仙 is more directly translated as "fox spirits" in Kaede's dialogue.
- The achievement Mighty and Illuminated Wave Rider cheekily names the Waverider "Wave Rider," or 乘風破浪真君 "The Perfected Lord Who Rides the Wind and Splits the Waves".
- The adepti are synonymous with the Xian (Taoist Immortals), and are referred to as such (仙人) in the Chinese and Japanese versions of the game.
- In Chinese, and in some translations other than English, their titles include the honorific title 真君 zhēnjūn, "perfected lord", typically given to Taoist immortals.
- Zhēnjūn is a lower-ranking title than the 帝君 (dìjūn; sovereign) honorific used by Rex Lapis.
- Xiao's Developer Insight states that the tattoo on his arm depicts an illuminated beast and is related to his "true form," indicating he did not always have a human form.
- During one of the Closed Beta Tests, some sacred names were translated in full; Moon Carver, for example, was "Perfected Lord of Descending Sun and Ascending Moon." It appears the translation team later decided that direct translations were too clunky and wordy, and truncated them for readability.
- The voice actor credits in the description of the Chinese version of Story Teaser: Flavors of the World lists a voice actor for 歌尘浪市真君 instead of Madame Ping, who is the narrator as heard during Three to Get Ready, and Here We Go. While the English version on YouTube does not name Madame Ping in any way, 歌尘浪市真君 is named in the Chinese version of Xiao's intro post, and the English version of Xiao's intro post localized 歌尘浪市真君 as "Streetward Rambler."
- Without further information, it is impossible to determine the exact pinyin or the possible meanings for the other four Yakshas' names. An estimated pinyin reading has been included to show the Latinization of the names.
- The Japanese VA of Indarias confirmed in a tweet that her credited character is the 炎夜叉 or Flame Yaksha.
- All other voice actors of the yakshas with uncertain identities have confirmed their credited yakshas and their corresponding elements on Twitter, leaving Bonanus as the Hydro Yaksha.
- The Japanese VA of Menogias confirmed in a tweet that his credited character is the 岩夜叉 or Rock Yaksha.
- In the official English translation, Zhongli's use of "an adeptus" indicates only one individual built the Ballista, lending to confusion as to who exactly Zhongli was referring to. However, the Chinese term 仙人 xiānrén does not distinguish between singular or plural without additional context, making it possible for the Ballista to be built by multiple people.
|Language||Official Name||Literal Meaning|
|Xian Person[• 1]|
- Chinese: Xian (Chinese: 仙 Xiān) refers to an illuminated immortal. See Terminology for a more detailed explanation.
- Book: Yakshas: The Guardian Adepti
- Xiao's Character Story: Vision
- Event Fleeting Colors in Flight Quest: Sky-Gazers, Land-Walkers
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act II: An Organization Known as Wangsheng
- World Quest: A Teapot to Call Home: Part I
- NPC Dialogue: Musheng
- Weapon: Rainslasher
- NPC Dialogue: Qingzhou
- Mastery Domain Entrance Description: Taishan Mansion
- HoYoverse News: Developer Insight #4: Character Stories (I) - "Vigilant Yaksha" Xiao
- Event Labyrinth Warriors Quest: Away With Obsessions and Falsehood
- Archon Quest, Interlude Chapter, Act I: Seagaze Sunset
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act III: Solitary Fragrance
- Web Event, Stone Harbor Treasure Journal, Reading (Zhongli), Chinese version: [三眼五显仙人]们大多都以兽形示人 "A majority of the Mighty and Illuminated Adepti take the forms of beasts when appearing before mortals."
- Chongyun's Voice-Over: About Qiqi
- Qiqi's Elemental Burst: Adeptus Art: Preserver of Fortune
- Qiqi's Voice-Over: Elemental Burst
- Xiao's Voice-Over: Hello
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act III: Turning Point
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act I: Wangshu
- Qiqi's Character Story: Character Story 4
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act I: Moulder of Mountains
- Loading Screen Tip: Abode
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act II: The Realm Within
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act III: The Fond Farewell
- Story Quest, Alatus Chapter, Act I: The Purging of Evil
- Story Quest, Alatus Chapter, Act I: Insights of Drifting Dreams
- Book: Stone Tablet Compilations: Vol. I
- World Quest: Treasure Lost, Treasure Found
- Archon Quest, Chapter I, Act I: Custodian of Clouds
- Book: Verses of Equilibrium
- World Quest: The Yaksha's Wish
- Book: Records of Jueyun: Stone Beasts
- Zhongli's Character Story: Character Details
- Weapon: Kunwu's Iris Rift (Only available during the third Closed Beta Test)
- Archon Quest, Interlude Chapter, Act I: The Crane Returns on the Wind
- Story Quest, Alatus Chapter, Act I: Glimmers of the Vigilant Yaksha (Cutscene)
- Archon Quest, Interlude Chapter, Act II: End of the Line
- Shenhe's Official Introduction
- Story Quest, Grus Nivis Chapter, Act I: The Whispers of the Crane and the White Rabbit
- Google Books: Cultivating Perfection, mentions of "adept"
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Religious Daoism
- Google Books: Cultivating Perfection (mentions of 真君)